The history of Austin Texas is truly quite remarkable. Austin is the state capital of Texas and it is the 2nd largest state capital after Phoenix, Arizona. Almost 200 years ago pioneers started to settle along the Colorado River in central Austin. The state capital was moved from Houston in 1839 after a vice president visited the area during one of his famous buffalo hunting expeditions. The name was originally Waterloo but was soon changed to Austin in honor of the “Father of Texas”, Stephen F Austin. Stephen F Austin was the Republic of Texas’ first secretary of state.
Austin continued to grow during the 19th century and became the center for education and government. During this time, the University of Texas and the Texas State Capitol were constructed. The Great Depression brought a standstill to city growth but it soon revitalized, and development began to turn Austin into a major city by the 1980s. During this time, Austin became the Center for business and technology.
There are a number of prominent Fortune 500 companies who have their regional offices or headquarters in Austin. Some of these firms include Google, Intel, IBM, Cisco, eBay, Texas Instruments, 3M, Apple Incorporated, Oracle Corporation, Whole Foods Market, and Advanced Micro Devices. A suburb of Austin called Round Rock is a home for Dell’s worldwide headquarters.
Austinites are the name used for the residents of Austin, and they include a diverse mixture of university faculty, government employees law enforcement, political staffers, domestic college students, foreign college students, high-tech workers, musicians, blue-collar workers, and businessmen. The unofficial slogan of Austin is The Live Music Capital of the World which is a reference to many of the live music venues that occur during the year. The PBS TV concert series Austin City Limits has been a long-running event.
During the 1800s the city of Austin became known as the City of the Violet Crown. This was in reference to the violet glow of color that ran across the hillside after sunset in the wintertime. The term “Violet Crown” is still used by many Austin businesses. Austin has a strict no smoking policy and the city is known for its clean air. The no smoking policy applies to all public buildings and places including bars and restaurants.
The Tonkawa tribe of Native Americans inhabited the area when the first settlers arrived from Europe. The Lipan Apaches and Comanches were also known to travel at times through the area. After the independence from Mexico there were many new settlements established in central Texas. During this period growth was slow because of the various conflicts with regional Native Americans.
Texas fought and won their independence from Mexico in 1835 – 1836. At this point of time Texas became its independent country with its own monetary system, Congress, and President. Austin was selected as a state capital because it was in a convenient location that intersected the trade routes between Galveston Bay and Santa Fe. It also intersected the route between the Red River and northern Mexico.